How Do I Get a Small Business Loan? [Definitive 2020 Guide]

Your small business is killing it, and you’ve hit a breaking point: you need funding to take things to the next level. Now, you’re asking yourself the million dollar question for small business owners: how do I get a small business loan?

Capital can be the key ingredient that takes your small business up a notch, and you can’t just grab it off the shelf at the grocery store. But, it doesn’t have to be a complicated, drawn-out process, either.

Here’s how you can get a small business loan quickly, simply and easily.

how do i get a small business loan

Your Business Loan Lender Options Explained

One of the major (and early) decisions you’ll have to make is which type of lender to apply through. 

In the old days, banks were the only option. As financial technology has seen massive developments in recent years, you can now get a small business loan online—without ever setting foot in a bank.

Here’s what you need to know about the types of small business lenders you can apply through.

Bank Loans for Small Businesses: Lowest Interest, Most Paperwork, Longest Process

New lending options have emerged, but that hasn’t encouraged banks to update their processes. The way you obtain a business loan through a bank is still quite similar to the way it worked ten years ago. 

To be considered, you’ll need to prepare a lengthy application, which includes many documents:

  • Business plans
  • Income and bank statements
  • Balance sheet
  • Personal and business tax returns
  • Business debt schedules

And more.

Even if you’re a perfect candidate, the application and approval process could last from 60-90 days. It may sound reasonable, but keep in mind that you’re losing 2-3 months of time you could spend on more important things—like growing your business.

Additionally, your bank business loan application is only as good as your credit score. If you fall short of around 650, you’ll probably be rejected.

You’ll also need to be in business for at least two years, as banks are only confident in lending to established businesses. 

When reviewing your bank business loan applications, banks will give you a precise answer based on the request. In other words, they’ll either approve or deny your application. If you applied for $400K and might qualify for $250K, you’ll have to re-apply—starting the process from day one.

How to Get a Small Business Loan in 24 Hours: Online Lenders

Online lenders have taken advantage of the fintech revolution by allowing you to get a small business loan online. In most cases, the process is faster, easier and more convenient than it is through banks.

You can start the application process online. You may need to provide bank statements and tax returns to back up your application, but you won’t have to spend hours gathering documents.

Your business could get funded in just a few hours. And, bad credit barriers won’t hold you back.

Because online lenders recognize that getting a small business loan opens new doors, there are typically no hard credit requirements. You may have more options with a stronger credit profile, but if you killed your credit report growing your business, you’ll be able to find a feasible option.

Online lenders understand that every business is in a unique position. Even if you don’t qualify for the loan amount, term or rate requested, they’ll help manipulate the application to get your business funded. If you don’t qualify for the $300K you requested, you may still get $250K—there is a middle ground.

Considering the Small Business Loan Qualifications

Like the process, small business loan requirements and qualifications can vary depending on the lender. 

Credit score: Banks will require a credit score of at least 650, while online lenders generally have programs for all credit profiles

Time in business: Banks require at least 2 years, but online lenders have a minimum of 6 months

Annual revenue: Bank standards can vary significantly depending on the requested amount, though online lenders tend to require $100K at minimum

Collateral: Banks may require real estate as collateral, but online lenders generally offer collateral-free requirements

Additionally, lenders may look at your debt-to-income ratio. This number tells them how much annual income you have compared to your existing debts. While the desired number might be unique to your situation, 36% is the standard.

Remember, not all businesses are in the same position—the requirements can change depending on what you’re looking for. 

Which Type of Business Loan Should You Take?

Now that you understand the requirements, which business loan program should you apply for? It’s not always a straightforward question, but you don’t necessarily need a set anser, either.

After lenders get a feel for your qualifications, they may be able to push you in the right direction.

Small Business Loan (Term Loan): This straightforward, lump-sum option gives you a set amount in your account. Through banks, you may have spending restrictions, but online lenders won’t regulate the way you use your funds. You’ll repay the loan on a set schedule with a set rate.

Business Line of Credit: Unlike small business loans, business lines of credit allow you to draw more cash as you need it. One of the major benefits is that you’ll only pay interest on the amount you take, not the amount you qualify for. As you pay down what you owe, more cash will become available.

Equipment Financing: This financing option can help your business purchase new equipment with limited upfront costs. You can pay for the equipment over a set period of time, while also enjoying major tax breaks.

SBA Loans: Backed by the government, SBA loans will help you qualify for a low interest rate and a long term. Like most other bank business loans, though, the bar for qualifying is quite high. 

Merchant Cash Advance: MCA products have become a very appealing options for business owners in recent years. Through this financing product, you can borrow based on future sales, then pay back directly through credit and debit card transactions. 

Online lenders can generally walk you through your options and help you decide which structure makes the most sense for you.

Calculate Your Business Loan: How Much Can You Take?

Well, what number should you apply for? This is one of the most important considerations that you’ll need to make before finalizing your loan agreement.

Through most small business loans, you’ll have to make daily, weekly or monthly payments. These payments might add some stress to your monthly expenses, but remember—if it doubles your revenue, then it’s worthwhile.

The interest payments will vary depending on the rate, term and amount. This business loan calculator can help you get a feel for the payments you’ll need to make, and how much you should apply for based on other expenses.

Get Your Small Business Loan Today

At National, our goal is to get your business the funding it needs without adding stress to your schedule. Once you apply, our Business Financing Advisors will put the wheels in motion to get you realistic options and answer any of your questions.

Ready to get started? Apply now!

Note: Due to the current effect of covid-19 on the economy, small business loans and financing options may be limited. Lender approval guidelines may be tighter during this time.

National Business Capital & Services is the #1 FinTech marketplace offering small business loans and services. Harnessing the power of smart technology and even smarter people, we’ve streamlined the approval process to secure over $1 billion in financing for small business owners to date.

Our expert Business Financing Advisors work within our 75+ Lender Marketplace in real time to give you easy access to the best low-interest SBA loans, short and long-term loans and business lines of credit, as well as a full suite of revenue-driving business services.

We strengthen local communities one small business loan at a time. For every deal we fund, we donate 10 meals to Feeding America!

About the Author, m carrigan

Matt Carrigan is the Content Writer at National Business Capital & Services. He loves spending every day creating content to educate business owners across every industry about business growth strategies, and how they can access the funding they need!